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Ecole de la Rue, Dakar, Senegal
Mr. Amouyakar Mbaye, creator and director or Ecole de la Rue
Ecole De la Rue is situated in one of the bidonville of Dakar center, and all of the students are from the neighborhood and adjacent ones. In October 1979 Mr. Amouyakar Mbaye created Ecole de la Rue as a refuge for children and adult who were excluded from the formal education system. Now in its 27th year (as of 2006) of existence, ecole de la rue has a student body of 200 each year, ranging from nursery, elementary, and secondary age groups. The goal is to enable school aged students to enter the formal education system at a later stage
With respect to preventative methods, the number of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN) has increased 10 folds in the last three years in 14 countries. However, despite this seemingly improved malaria situation, the problem of access and distribution still remains. Surveys show that only primarily urban and relatively wealthy households own ITNs, rather than poor rural households where people are at higher risk of contacting malaria. Malaria has a direct impact on Africa's human resources, because not only does it result in lost life and
Lost productivity due to illness and premature
death, it also hampers children’s schooling and social development through both
absenteeism and permanent neurological and other damage associated with severe episodes of the disease. West Africa has the world’s highest illiteracy rate and rural students are affected more so than their urban counterparts. One of the reasons is that malaria infections are more debilitating in rural areas as they tend to have less medical help and are less educated on how to prevent and treat the disease.
Malaria, one of the world's most common and serious tropical diseases, causes at least one million deaths every year. More than half of the world's population is at risk of acquiring malaria, and the proportion increases each year because of deteriorating health systems, growing drug and insecticide resistance, climate change, natural disasters and armed conflict.
At least 300 million acute cases of malaria occur worldwide each year, resulting in more than two million deaths annually -- more than 90% of which are estimated to occur in sub-Saharan Africa, mostly among women and children under five years of age. Malaria is a serious disease that is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Symptoms may include fever and flu-like illness, including chills, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. Malaria, if not immediately treated, may cause kidney failure, coma, and even death.
The predominant species and also the most dangerous of the four species of human malaria is Plasmodium falciparum. Today, malaria outbreaks are being reported in some locations of Africa that had been previously thought to be at elevations too high for malaria transmission, such as the highlands of Kenya. Some scientists hypothesize this is due to climatic change, while others hypothesize that this is due to human migration. Also, malaria has resurged in certain locations of Africa that had previously had effective control programs, such as Madagascar, South Africa, and Zanzibar.
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are an important tool to fight death and disease due to malaria, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa.
There are several reasons why Africa bears an overwhelming proportion of the malaria burden: 1) most malaria infections in Africa are caused by Plasmodium falciparum, the most severe and life-threatening form of the disease, 2) the region is also home to the most efficient, and therefore deadly, species of the mosquitoes which transmits the disease, and 3) many countries lack the infrastructures and resources necessary to undertake sustainable campaigns against malaria.